The Doctrine of Wealth in six easy points.
Posted by Mundabor
Shane at Lux Occulta has another booklet, called The Labour Question and certainly worth the reading.
This insightful and very well balanced booklet is one of the best expositions I have ever read of the Catholic “doctrine of wealth”. Its importance lies in the fact that whilst its author is not immune from some populism, nevertheless the lessons to be learned are transmitted forcibly and eloquently. This is not what modern socialists and “socially minded” people would want it to be but alas, Church teaching never was – nor will it ever be – supportive of social envy and class warfare.
The booklet, probably written towards the end of the Victorian era (no year of publication) reads at the start like Dickens on a very bad day, tough we must make allowances for the times. Still, slowly a more equilibrated and realistic picture of modern societies (and of every Christian society of every age) appears and when the author moves on to the serious business, he does it admirably.
The first part of the booklet summarises the Catholic teaching on wealth. I will resume this doctrine as follows:
1) Wealth is not evil per se. Wealth must not be forcibly redistributed and it must not be taken away from the rich to be given to the poor. This is a harsh lesson for Labour Catholics I know, but it is really time that they learn it.
2) Wealth is potentially dangerous. Like sex and wine (and clearly wealth helps to get both) wealth can easily monopolise a person’s consciousness. It can gnaw at him, it can eat him alive. Satan will use wealth to try to carry the rich man’s soul with the same cunning with which he uses sex or passions of other sorts, like…. the envy of the rich. Jesus’ famously harsh words about the rich refer to this kind of person, to the person blinded by his own wealth to the point of making of it the focal point of his existence, the man who has chosen Mammon and forgotten humanity and Christian charity in the process. I’d dare a comparison with Whiskey. Delicious if properly enjoyed; but take heed…..
3) Wealth is to be used properly, and here the author introduces the well-known concept of stewardship. Stewardship means that a wise rich man doesn’t see himself as free to dispose of his wealth as he pleases, but as obliged to orderly employ its fruits as a wise steward (or today we would probably say: a prudent trustee) would do. He has a duty of care as to how he employs his wealth. He sees himself (like the trustee of a large fortune) as someone who has the duty of transmitting this wealth to the following generations. At the same time, he sees this wealth – whether inherited, or earned – as a God-given grace, meant to be used to further God’s work and in accordance to God’s plan.
4) Wealth is to be used charitably. The rich (actually: everyone, but particularly the rich) will be asked after death whether he has thought about clothing the naked, feeding the hungry, and so on. Notice here the complete reversal of perspective compared to the modern socialist mentality. It is the rich who has a duty to help, not the poor who has a right over the money of the rich. Latter is not Christian charity, but socialism and legalised expropriation. It also feed an entitlement mentality, which destroys charity and fear of the Lord.
If a woman is born particularly beautiful, she’ll be asked after death whether she has abused of her grace, or used them to secure affection and lead a chaste life. If a man is born particularly intelligent, he’ll be asked whether he has used this God-given grace to create better conditions for himself and the ones he loves, or to help the cause of righteousness and wisdom. If he was provided with a strong faith, he’ll be asked whether he has used this gift to instill faith in others and to protect and further Truth, etc. The rich will be asked according to the grace he has received, in the same ways as the others.
5) Wealth is to be used in moderation. Megalomaniac behaviour shows a fundamental lack of modesty and fear of the Lord. This is not to say that the rich should not enjoy his wealth, but that when extravagance comes in, very often the fear of the Lord goes out. If you think of Berlusconi with his artificial volcanoes (I kid you not), or of Elton John with his £10000 in flowers a month for his home you get the idea. Mind, all these things create work and the evil here is not in the florist earning himself stupid out of Elton John, but in the fundamental detachment from an elementary sense of decency which such behaviour clearly shows. Also note that the author repeatedly compares this behaviour with effeminacy and one understands how those tough, proud Victorians could build a huge Empire.
6) Wealth and poverty (and their unequal distribution) are part of God’s vast plan for the world. In the coexistence of wealth and need we can develop our feeling for charity, helpfulness and gratitude. The poor trains himself against envy, the rich trains himself against greed. The poor asks God for help, the rich ask God for humility and right understanding. Different conditions are a bridge, a link between us and our neighbour, encouraging us to forget our little selves for a while in a sincere desire to see ourselves in the light of what we really are: God’s creatures with the same dignity whatever the graces assigned by God to us.
The same happens with beauty and intelligence and wit and all other graces, whose distribution among God’s creature is – whatever the world may say – extremely inequal. Every socialist must grasp the elementary fact that this is not paradise and it is not meant to be. On the contrary, this is the place meant to prepare us for it! If we were all equally wealthy, beautiful, intelligent and witty, what preparation would this be? You don’t ask that beautiful women had their nose cut and their hair given to the ugly ones, either.
Posted on October 22, 2010, in Catholicism and tagged Catholic, Catholic Church, Christianity, conservative catholicism, Doctrine of Wealth, God, Socialism, Victorian Era, Wealth. Bookmark the permalink. 17 Comments.
Very excellent blog! Right on!
Thanks David and welcome!
Good post. Personally, while I’m not left-wing at all, I’m more of a ‘continental’ Christian Democrat conservative than an Anglo-American ‘Burkean’ one. If I lived in England I’d probably end up voting for the Labour Party (with major caveats and depending on the candidate) while in Scotland my vote would go for the SNP (once very anti-Catholic but that seems to have changed and they opposed imposing homosexualist anti-discrimination laws on Catholic adoption agencies, unlike Cameron). That said, the modern Labour and Conservative parties are often hard to distinguish in terms of public policy. Cameron seems to have no principles whatsoever and comes across as a dodgy salesman.
In Ireland there’s never really been the same tension because political anti-clericalism is a recent phenomenon. The old Fianna Fail party of DeValera would be the closest to my views but that party has been destroyed and changed utterly beyond recognition since Charles Haughey (I’m one of his few admirers) left.
if you ask me Cameron would sell his mother in order to be re-elected, and would call this “change” whilst walking hand in hand with his friend Clegg. He is a moral vacuum like I’ve never seen any other in the three countries I have lived in.
Truly scary man, and it is scarier still that many still follow him.
who would you vote for mundabor? Ukip?
If I were able to vote for the British Parliament, yes.
Ah you still have Italian citizenship.
As it happens I’ve been reading up about the Italian election of 1948. That caused huge interest in Ireland at the time and Archbishop McQuaid fundraised millions for the Christian Democrats.
18 Aprile 1948.
You can still find traces of that day in countless movies.
My father says that the left coalition never had a real chance to win the majority, but still this was the day where Italians chose between freedom and a possible civil war.
They chose wisely.
I’ll never give up my Italian passport.
“Right or wrong, my country” and if I look at its past, I am immensely proud.
Less so if I look at the present 😉
Would be curious about how you find living in England compared to back home. Which do you prefer? What about England, and its people, do you like and what do you dislike?
Ah, this is too long for such a late hour!
Brits have a wonderful sense of humour, respect the rules, are much fairer in the workplace, and are tough people. But they drink too much, are without orientation, many of them are more socialist than the Italians, which is astonishing.
Italians are more solidly planted on their values (Cathlic heritage), more uniform in their beliefs (Catholic heritage again), take life more lightly but are more serious in the serious things (marriage, children, family), have a warmer humanity, this last I can’t really define but when you see it you know it’s there.
Here I profit from both world, the opportunities the UK gives and a huge, huge Italian colony. At least 350,000 only in London, that’s one in twenty. They are mostly people like me, fed up with the lack of fairness of the Italian system. Here you can find a job without having papa already working by the company, or without a party card. Makes all the difference.
Very interest Mundabor. I’ve always thought the Latin countries were ‘warmer’ not only in climate but also in temperment. I think the influence of Puritan Protestantism is still a strong undercurrent in WASP societies.
I have the same impression, Shane.
I do see this happening even among Catholics here in England. One is sometimes astonished at how protestantised the thinking is, though I do not think many people are aware of that.
John Stuart Mill discerned “two influences which have chiefly shaped the British character since the days of the Stuarts; commercial money-getting business, and religious Puritanism”.
Ever been to Ireland, Mundabor? How does it compare?
Only for business, and very shortly.
I was not very impressed but don’t let me get into details.
I also must say that I positively hate the accent 😉
Anyway, that was just short impressions. Friends who have been there for holiday have witnessed of extreme gentleness and hospitality, unheard-of butter consumption, heard-of beer consumption and that Guinness does taste better in Ireland! 😉
ROFL. You probably heard a Dublin accent (…I hate them too…), there are innumberable varities and many are virtually incomparable.
I dont know whether or not you watched Fr Ted
the video doesn’t work but I have seen some other father ted ones and yes, that’s what I was thinking about 😉