Why The Abdication Was Wise

Not exactly weak:Pope Pius XII, Pastor Angelicus.

If you have looked at the Video of Pope Francis visiting the Pontiff Emeritus yesterday, you could probably not avoid noticing how frail Benedict looked. If one thinks that only at the beginning of February he was still fully in charge, one begins to have a very clear picture of why his decision to abdicate was a wise one.

I never bought the story of the “Cross from which the Pope is not supposed to step down”. If the duty of a Pope had traditionally been to be frail and ineffective, the Popes would have been traditionally chosen among the oldest and sickest, in the hope their frailty goes on for as long as possible; after which, the next sick old man would have been picked up.

We all know this was never the case, and when it happened that old men were chosen for the office it was because a ” transition Pope” (that is: one of whom the Cardinals thought he would not occupy the position for very long) was considered preferable to a long impasse or a very public quarrel.

Please also consider the most famous Popes were men full of energy. Leo the Great, Gregory the Great, Urban II, or Pius IX (to mention just a few) were Popes who would have never thought it would be better for them to be old, frail, and ultimately factually irrelevant. Popes were meant to reign, not to be put in a shop window (or a “Popemobile”) for all the world to see Catholicism is de facto without its guide.

Pope Pius XII was a Pope I continue to go back to, because it seems to me in most cases if you want to know how a Pope did it right you only have to look at what this great Pope did. Pope Pacelli was a man of such strong energy and iron will, that in one of the most difficult periods in the history of the Church he united in himself the functions of Pope and Secretary of State. Nothing less than full control was enough for him. This, my friends, is a Pope who sees his role rather differently than being looked at behind the bullet proof glass of a vehicle. In fact, Pope Pius XII thought of resigning when it became clear to him he could not reign properly anymore; and we are talking of a time where the Church had things so much under control – though challenges are always there – that the Western societies of the Fifties seem to belong to a different age than the present ones.

What does this tell us? It tells us that a Pope is supposed to function as a Pope, rather than as a televised ad for Catholicism. The “shop window Pope” is very well for the Curia, who can easily manipulate him; or for the local hierarchies, who can do as they please; but it's not good at all for the Church, who needs to be led by Peter, not by a bunch of Cardinals no one ever made Pope and avoiding, at least on this earth, every accountability.

It is not surprising that weak or ill Popes cause the Curia to become inefficient, or corrupt. What is surprising is that the same people who lament the Curia's inefficiency (or corruption) are perfectly fine with years and years of impotent Popes, unable to reign or, alas, even to think properly. They don't see that weak Popes, like weak Kings or Emperors, unavoidably lead to the supremacy of the shrewdest manipulators, to a total lack of accountability, and to an environment of savage intrigue, whereas strong Popes will, for good or for bad, steer the Barque where they want to, and be clearly seen as responsible for what they do.

If we are honest with ourselves, Benedict wouldn't have gone down in history with the nickname “the iron Pope” if he had been in best health every day of his Papacy. Still, the exercise of power always needs a certain amount of energy, of inner fire, of will to demand and command that builds on a certain amount of strength. This strenght is needed to cope with the adrenalines, the difficult decisions, the opposition, the punishments if must be, that the exercise of power invariably demands. Seeing Benedict in yesterday's video, it is abundantly clear this fire isn't there any longer.

An intelligent man, and a man who loves the Church, Benedict must have seen it. He had also seen from very near the quasi-Sede Vacante situation created in the last five, or more, years of his predecessor's reign. He has, I am certain, correctly assessed such a situation as damaging for the Church; and he has decided to draw the consequences from his own situation for the good of the Church, irrespective of the criticism he knew would be levelled at him.

Pope Benedict wasn't an Iron Pope, but he understood the need for the Church to be guided by a Pope, not by an unelected small group of shrewd manipulators. He was intelligent enough to see the issue, and unselfish enough to take a step he knew would be criticised. It pains me, it truly pains me to see a man able to take such a selfless decision, and being criticised for it.

If you ask me, this, what Pope Benedict showed us, was the true courage and the true humility; not the iron cross, the black shoes, and the absence of Mozzetta.

May the Almighty grant Benedict serene days of prayer on earth, and reward this gentle man for this beautiful act of courage.



Posted on March 24, 2013, in Catholicism and tagged , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 10 Comments.

  1. ”If you ask me, this, what Pope Benedict showed us, was the true courage and the true humility; not the iron cross, the black shoes, and the absence of Mozzetta.”

    Entirely true – and a great pity today to see the Papal paraments, the splendid Baroque vestments (as well as the fanon and mitrex pretiosa, which always struck me as jut that little bit away from the triregnum) relegated to the sacristy (never mind my last post on vesture, pooh for Van der Laan, frankly – I can’t say I like either Gothic or modern vestments as a rule). A magnificent photograph, by the way.

    It was quite hard – I have a very frail grandmother, and I can say the decline is often very swift – to see the former Holy Father so frail, but yes, the abdication was wise. I’ve always disagreed with Dante about Pope St. Celestine V, whom he placed in Hell – apart from the fact he was canonised a Saint which means he cannot be, although Dante wrote before his canonisation, he saw the Pope’s resigning as sinful and shameful. I, like you, do not.

    • As far as I remember, Dante knew Celestino would be beatified soon, or could imagine it. He did not mention him by name, though the reference was clear. Dante was a fighter and a man of principles, one can understand him; but Celestino was, certainly, a popular man in Dante’s time. It would seem Pope Benedict will not have the same luck.


  2. Beautifully said!

  3. The best summary of the situation so far; temperate, thoughtful and generous. I hope we are not seeing a re-run of the reasons why (I believe) Pope Paul VI was elected. I’d really like to see some muscle exercised by Papa Francis. Perhaps it will come in the next few weeks.

  4. 100% spot on. Exactly what I think, although I couldn’t have put it to words near as well.

  5. Mundabor, are you referring to this resignation letter, or to another one? This is a fascinating story:


    I cannot even imagine what it was like for him to make preparations for his own kidnapping and God knows what else. Of course, he had to. The scenario sort of reminds me of the Passion in that he would be handed over to the enemy having lost his title, while the Church must focus most of Her energy on finding a new pope.

    I’d agree that Benedict’s was not an iron papacy, but it’s difficult to imagine where we would be without Summorum and several years of a more liturgically-minded Holy Father. I cannot imagine life without the diocesan Latin Mass twenty minutes away that exists because the local bishop (+O’Connell, D. Trenton) read Summorum as a serious call to spread the TLM. Most bishops don’t react that way, but this one was not known for his liturgical conservatism and now is very close with the liaison to the EF and celebrated a SH Pontifical Mass for our anniversary in November.

    • Hello Caroline,
      No, I have written in the past about this episode, but I was specifically referring to yesterday is that he thought about abdicating when he became very ill, it must have been around 1957.

      Thanks for the link!


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